Thursday, August 9, 2012

Los Desaparecidos

Yesterday, international news reported on Pablo Javier Gaona Miranda (34), who has been returned to his biological family after 34 years. He is one of  los desaparecidos, the disappeared, one of the up to 30,000 people who were "disappeared" during Argentina's Dirty War from 1976 to 1983. It is estimated that about 500 of these victims were still babies, who were stolen from their detained mothers right after birth. Miranda is only the 106th baby who was recovered as part of the initiative led by the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo to locate children kidnapped during the repression.  Just last month, two former military leaders of Argentina, Jorge Videla and Reynaldo Bignone, were found guilty of overseeing the systematic theft of babies from political prisoners. You can read and see Miranda's story here. An interview with another "stolen baby", Victoria Montenegro, can be watched here.

Below, watch the moving interview with Marianela Galli, an activist from the human rights organization H.I.J.O.S., an organizations of the children of people who were "disappeared" in Argentina and in Guatemala. On 12 June 1977, Marianela and her family were abducted by the military in Buenos Aires. Marianela was kidnapped along with her father, the marine officer Mario Guillermo Galli, her mother Patricia Teresa Flynn, and her grandmother Felisa Wagner. Marianela was the sole family member to survive the experience.

In a report from 2009, CNN introduces the work of the EAAF, the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (Equipo Argentino de Antropología Forense), a non-governmental, non-profit, scientific organization that applies forensic sciences - mainly forensic anthropology and archaeology - to the investigation of human rights violations in Argentina and worldwide. It was established in 1984 to investigate the cases of the disappeared people in Argentina and is now operating in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Europe on five integrated programs.

August 30 is the International Day of the Disappeared.

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